Moderator Ruud Mulder speaks with Tom van Peer and Jaco van Dijk – all working at Dell Technologies – about the developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI). They highlight what AI means for the infrastructure of organizations and what companies should take into account if they want to apply artificial intelligence.
To frame the subject, Van Dijk briefly discusses what AI is all about. “Artificial Intelligence is in fact a container term. If you look further you will see several specific parts that are part of it. Think of Machine Learning, what I sometimes call Statistics 2.0, and Deep Learning, which are neural networks that should one day resemble the brain of a human being.”
Various concrete applications are discussed in this Podcast, because AI has now become a Digital Reality. Nevertheless, it becomes clear that the human factor remains of great importance. “A facial recognition system thought it saw a criminal. Once in prison, however, a police officer found that the person looked nothing like the search photo. The recognition algorithm was not (yet) correct.”
That case has consequences. “Thanks to AI, we can recognize cancer at an early stage at the cellular level – but can we trust it?” What is the answer Ruud Mulder wants to know: “AI is very good at processing and analyzing data, and if an algorithm does that you save a lot of time, but people make the decision.”
This is also because it is not clear who is actually responsible if an autonomous driving car causes a collision, or a surgeon causes a death based on an AI outcome.
“The basic problem is the fact that a few examples are enough for a person to gain knowledge, while for AI and more specifically Deep Learning, access to a lot of data is important,” is Van Dijk’s message.
Can smaller organizations also start with AI or is it currently reserved for universities and big corporates, Mulder wants to know. “Successful AI projects start small, with a relatively small data set. And with an outcome that can also be predicted without AI. You grow from there. This is possible in organizations of all sizes,” is the answer from the specialists.